Peter argued with God.
He made back-to-back statements to Jesus.
His first statement was so right; his second so wrong.
In this contradiction, Peter exposes a crisis of discipleship familiar to every follower of Jesus.
The argument with God comes in the nature of Peter’s rebuke of Jesus in Matthew 16.
Jesus had begun “to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer may things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.” (16:21)
“Peter took [Jesus] aside and began to rebuke him, saying, ‘Far be it from you, Lord! This shall never happen to you.’” (16:22)
In abbreviated language, Peter contradicted Jesus with a “Not so, Lord!”— an oxymoron for sure. How can “Not so” and “Lord!” appear in the same sentence?
Before considering why this response is so wrong, let’s go back to the previous scene.
Jesus asks his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”
Jesus frequently refers to himself as the “Son of Man,” drawing in the Old Testament prophecy of Daniel (e.g., Daniel 7:13-14). The predominant understandings of this title are that he is an Elijah-like prophet of national renewal using displays of heavenly power or a Jeremiah-like prophet pronouncing national judgment and experiencing opposition (Matthew 16:13-14).
Jesus then asks, “But who do you say that I am?”
Simon Peter replies, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
To this, Jesus answers with (among other things),
“Blessed are you Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.” (16:15-20)
Peter’s response concerning the identity of Jesus is divinely revealed. His is an explicit, unambiguous declaration of who Jesus is: “the Christ [the Messiah, the Anointed One], the Son of the living God.”
Peter’s first statement is about orthodoxy—a statement of right belief—and his statement is so right.
We return to the next scene in which Peter rebukes Jesus. Peter is so wrong for several reasons.
First, how can Peter express strong disapproval of what Jesus has said? After all, did Peter not rightly declare that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God?
Second, closely linked to the first, is the oxymoron of saying in the same breath, “Not so, Lord!” As mentioned, “No” plus “Lord” doesn’t compute.
Third, Peter’s reprimand of Jesus is driven by Peter’s expectations of Jesus. Although Peter is so right about the identity of Jesus, he is so wrong about the mission of Jesus. It would seem Peter expects the imminent arrival of the Kingdom of God—with Peter in a place of importance (perhaps)—after all, Jesus promised him “the keys of the kingdom of heaven” and all that implies (16:19).
Contrary to Peter’s expectations,
Jesus “must … suffer … and be killed … and be raised.”
Peter doesn’t get it yet. Jesus is contradicting the expectations Peter had constructed.
This flows into the fourth point, addressed by the next scene (16:24-28).
Jesus not only foretells his impending suffering and crucifixion but invites each of his disciples, his followers,
“come after me, let him [or her] take up his [or her] cross and follow me.” (16:24)
At that time, a condemned person carried his own cross to the place of execution. It was a well-recognized and robust metaphor. Today, a similar image might be evoked by the words “dead man walking.”
Jesus invites those who follow Him to “come and die.”
Jesus is showing his disciples what it means to follow their lord. It is about:
What is there about following Jesus that we don’t get?
Peter’s second statement is about orthopraxy—a statement about living life—and his statement is so wrong.
At this point, Peter doesn’t get what it means to follow Jesus.
Matthew has the habit of making Peter representative of all disciples, so followers of Jesus often recognize elements of themselves in Peter. Read yourself into Peter’s actions and words.
Sometimes we say things about Jesus that are so right. What we say we believe is orthodox. We say a hearty “Amen!” to Peter’s statement that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God.
But sometimes we say, “Not so, Lord!” That is when we argue with God. We don’t want to go where he wants us to follow him. Whether we are aware of it or not, it is at these times that we expose a crisis of discipleship. We are so right about believing but (just perhaps) so wrong about living.
Think about a time when you said, “Not so, Lord!”
What was he asking you to do? Where was he leading you to go?
Prayerfully, revisit it with him.
Peter argued with Jesus, and Jesus responded to Peter firmly but graciously.
Eventually, Peter got it— and so shall we.
I conclude with a statement by Frederick Bruner:
“The Christian life is a ‘throwaway’ life, a life that in a great dare decides that Jesus is what life is all about and that following him is the greatest adventure in life.”
 Frederick Dale Bruner, Matthew, vol. 2, rev’d (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004), 154.
Photo credit: Saint Peter by Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (1617–1682).
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